Wednesday, December 7, 2016

electrodynamics with non-conserved charges

following up on last week's question: could one construct a theory of electrodynamics with non-conserved charges, i.e. where $\partial^\mu\jmath_\mu\neq 0$? what consequences would that have?

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

gravitational fields for non-conservative systems

Einstein's field equation links the Einstein-tensor $G_{\mu\nu}$ to the energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$, which is divergence-free, $\nabla^\mu T_{\mu\nu}=0$. energy-momentum conservation is usually established by considering fields whose Lagrange-density $\mathcal{L}$ does not have an explicit dependence on time or position, leading to the definition of $T_{\mu\nu}$ with the corresponding continuity. in what way would fields $\phi$ with $\mathcal{L}(\phi,\nabla^\mu\phi,x^\mu)$ source a gravitational field?

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

dark star

is it possible to construct a gravitationally bound ball of photons?

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

dissipation time scale

there are many structures visible in Jupiter's atmosphere. can you estimate a dissipation time scale for the turbulent motion?

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

motion or not?

can you show that a cosmological fluid in a FLRW-universe it at rest in all freely falling frames, but shows recession motion?

Tuesday, November 8, 2016

implications of a confirmed $\Lambda$

this post is in celebration of $2^{16}$ views!

imagine that future experiments have constrained the dark energy eos-parameters to be $w_0=-1$ and $w_a=0$ at high precision: would that imply that we have confirmed that the covariant divergence $\nabla^\mu g_{\mu\nu}$ of the metric $g_{\mu\nu}$ is zero, implying a metric connection, at least under the FLRW-symmetries?

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

cosmology works?

a freely-falling observer experiences the metric $g_{\mu\nu}$ of generated by any energy-momentum distribution $T_{\mu\nu}$ as being of Minkowskian shape $\eta_{\mu\nu}$. the observer would conclude that there is no curvature and consequently, no gravitational fields and that the energy-momentum is vanishing.

but isn't that what we're doing in cosmology? as a freely-falling observer we aim to determine the energy-momentum of all cosmological fluids $T_{\mu\nu}$ expressed in terms of their density parameters $\Omega$ and their equations of state $w$. but how can one measure the energy-momentum-tensor of a gravitating matter distribution with a gravitational experiment?